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Keynote Speakers

Norbert Lammert
President of the German Bundestag

Professor Norbert Lammert has served as President of the German Bundestag since October 2005. In October 2013, the Members of the Bundestag re-elected him to the top parliamentary post. In terms of protocol, he ranks second only to the President of the Federal Republic. As President of the Bundestag, he ensures that Parliament’s rules are upheld and represents Parliament in the public sphere. He also heads the Bundestag Administration, which has around 2500 members of staff, and the Bundestag police.

Norbert Lammert was born in 1948. After graduating from secondary school and completing his military service, he studied political science, modern history and social economics in Bochum and Oxford. In 1975, he obtained his doctorate in social science.

President Lammert joined the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) in 1966 and was elected to the Bundestag in 1980. He served as deputy chairman of the Committee for the Scrutiny of Elections, Immunity and the Rules of Procedure from 1983 to 1989, and as a parliamentary state secretary at various federal ministries in the 1990s.

Yves Leterme
Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD, former Prime Minister of Belgium

Yves Leterme was appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD in December 2011. He is in charge of Social Affairs, Education, Governance and Entrepreneurship.

Before joining the OECD, Yves Leterme held a variety of political posts in Belgium at all levels and in all areas of government. After starting his career as an alderman in his home town of Ypres, he became a Deputy in the Chamber of Representatives, Group Chairman, National Secretary and Chairman of the CD&V party, Minister-President of the Flemish Government, Federal Senator, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Budget and Mobility, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Prime Minister. Yves Leterme is currently Minister of State and a municipal councilor in Ypres.

At a professional level, Yves Leterme has worked, inter alia, as a deputy auditor at the Belgian Court of Audit and an administrator at the European Parliament.

Yves Leterme, who was born in 1960, has a degree in Law and Political Science from the University of Ghent.

Olaf Scholz
First Mayor of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
Vice Chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SPD)

Olaf Scholz is the First Mayor of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and Prime Minister of the State of Hamburg. Mr. Scholz was born in Osnabrueck, Germany in 1958. After receiving his Law Degree, he became a lawyer in 1985. He has a long career in the Social Democratic Party (SPD), which he joined at the age of 17. In 1998, he was elected as member of the German Bundestag. He held different positions in the SPD like Chairman of the Hamburg SPD and Secretary General of the SPD Germany. In 2007, he became Federal Minister of Labor and Social Affairs for the Federal Republic of Germany, followed by positions of Vice Chairman of the SPD parliamentary group in the German Bundestag, Chairman of the Hamburg SPD and Vice Chairman of the SPD Germany in 2009.

Reinhard Bütikofer
Member of the European Parliament
Co-chair of the European Green Party (EGP)

Reinhard Bütikofer is a member of the European Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as well as a substitute member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Subcommittee on Security and Defence. He is a member of the Delegation for Relations with the United States and the Transatlantic Legislators Dialogue and a member of the Delegation for Relations with China. He is the Green Group's spokesperson on industrial policy. He is speaker of the delegation from the German Green Party (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) to the European Parliament.

From 2002 until 2008, Mr. Bütikofer was the national party chairman of the German Green Party. He was the party’s secretary general from 1998 until 2002. Prior to that, he served as the state chairman of the Green Party in Baden-Württemberg. He served as a member of the Baden-Württemberg state parliament from 1988 until 1996. His career with the Green Party began when he was elected to the city council of Heidelberg in 1984.

Mr. Bütikofer was born in Mannheim, Germany, in 1953 and grew up in Speyer. In 1969-70 he spent a year in Kenosha, Wisconsin. After high school he studied philosophy, history, classical history, and sometimes Sinology, in Heidelberg. He is married and father to three daughters.

Wolfgang Ischinger
Chairman of the Munich Security Conference

Ambassador Ischinger has been Chairman of the Munich Security Conference since 2008. He is also Global Head of Government Relations at Allianz SE, Munich.

He served as Germany's Ambassador to London from 2006 to 2008, Ambassador to the United States from 2001 to 2006, and State Secretary and Deputy Foreign Minister from 1998 to 2001. He represented the German Government in numerous international and European fora, including the United Nations and NATO, and the European Union in the troika negotiations on the future of Kosovo.

From 1973 to 1975, Wolfgang Ischinger served on the staff of the UN Secretary General in New York. In 1975, he joined the Foreign Service. He worked in the Policy Planning Staff and at the Embassy in Washington DC. From 1982 to 1990, Wolfgang Ischinger served on the staff of the Federal Foreign Minister, became the Minister's Private Secretary in 1985, and Chief of the Parliament and Cabinet Division in 1987. In 1990, he was appointed Minister and Head of the Political Section of the German Embassy to Paris. In 1993, he was named Director of the Policy Planning Staff.

In 1995, he became Political Director-General of the Federal Foreign Office. As Political Director, Ambassador Ischinger was Head of the German Delegation during the Bosnian Peace negotiations in Dayton/Ohio in 1995, the negotiations on the NATO-Russia Founding Act in 1996/1997, and during the Kosovo crisis in 1998.

Wolfgang Ischinger studied law at the universities of Bonn and Geneva and obtained his law degree in 1972. He continued studying international law, foreign economic relations and history at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and at Harvard Law School, Cambridge/USA (Master of Arts, Fletcher School, 1973).

Julianne Smith
Senior Vice President of Beacon Global Strategies
Former Deputy National Security Advisor to Vice President Joe Biden

Prior to joining Beacon, Ms. Smith served as the Deputy National Security Advisor to the Vice President of the United States from April 2012 to June 2013. In addition to advising the Vice President on a wide range of foreign and defense policy issues, she represented him in Cabinet and Deputies level interagency meetings. During March and April of 2013, she served as the Acting National Security Advisor to the Vice President.

Prior to her posting at the White House, she served as the Principal Director for European and NATO Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon. In that capacity, Ms. Smith acted as the principal staff assistant and advisor to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs for all matters falling within the broad spectrum of NATO and European policy. Her office also managed the Department’s bilateral relationships with 31 European countries. In January 2012, she was awarded the Office of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Exceptional Public Service.

Prior to joining the Obama administration, Ms. Smith served as the director of the CSIS Europe Program and the Initiative for a Renewed Transatlantic Partnership, where she led the Center’s research and program activities on U.S.-European political, security, and economic relations. She authored or contributed to a number of CSIS books and reports, including Alliance Reborn: An Atlantic Compact for the 21st Century (2009), Understanding Islamic Charities (2007), Climatic Cataclysm: The Foreign Policy and National Security Implications of Climate Change (2008), Transforming NATO (…again) (2006), Five Years After 9/11 (2006), and America and the World in the Age of Terror (2005). She co-directed the Transatlantic Dialogue on Terrorism, which examined U.S.-European disagreements over the root causes of terrorism.

Earlier, Ms. Smith served as deputy director and senior fellow in the CSIS International Security Program, where she oversaw the management of more than 30 security-related projects and focused on a range of European security issues, including European defense integration, transatlantic cooperation on climate change, and EU-U.S. counterterrorism cooperation. Prior to joining CSIS, she worked at the German Marshall Fund as program officer for the Foreign Policy Program and director of communications for the Project on the Role of American Military Power. She has worked as a senior analyst on the European security desk of the British American Security Information Council and in Germany at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik as a Robert Bosch Foundation Fellow in 1996/97. Ms. Smith is a recipient of the American Academy in Berlin Public Policy Fellowship and the Fredin Memorial Scholarship for study at the Sorbonne in Paris. She received her B.A. from Xavier University and her M.A. from American University. She spent a year learning German at the University of Munich.

Ms. Smith serves on the Board of Advisors of the Truman National Security Project and the National Security Network. She is currently an Associate Fellow with Chatham House, home of the Royal Institute for International Affairs, in London, and a Senior Associate with the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. In January 2014, Ms. Smith joined the Center for New American Security (CNAS) as a Senior Fellow and Director of the Strategy and Statecraft Program.

Bärbel Höhn
Member of the German Bundestag
Chair of the Committee on the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

Bärbel Höhn is a member of the German Bundestag and chair of the Committee on the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. She was vice-chair of the Green Party in parliament and headed the its working group on environmental, energy, transport, agricultural and consumer policy.

Climate change, the transition to renewable sources of energy and the fight against nuclear power are the focus of her work. She participated in various UN climate conferences and is a regular speaker at international climate and energy conventions.

Before being elected to the Bundestag in 2005, Bärbel Höhn was Minister for the Environment, Agriculture and Consumer Protection in Germany’s biggest state, North Rhine-Westphalia, from 1995-2005. In that function she played a leadership role in Europe’s response to the mad cow disease epidemic, improved consumer rights and promoted energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy.

Before that she had been a member of North Rhine-Westphalia’s regional parliament from 1990 to 1995 and a city councillor in her home town of Oberhausen from 1985 to 1989.

Bärbel Höhn, who has a degree in mathematics from the University of Kiel, began her political career as an activist in a local initiative against air pollution and as a city councillor in her home town of Oberhausen. She is married with two grown-up children and three grandchildren.

Klaus Naumann
Former Chief of Staff of the Bundeswehr and Chairman of the NATO Military Committee

In his early career, General Ret. Klaus Naumann held numerous positions in the German army before moving to the position of Chief of Staff, Federal Armed Forces, in 1991. He was immediately promoted to four-star general and held that position until February 1996. In that capacity, he reorganized and downsized the Bundeswehr in order to integrate the former East German Armed Forces. Moreover, he oversaw the first German deployments to peacekeeping missions in Cambodia, Somalia and Yugoslavia. Klaus Naumann was elected Chairman of the North Atlantic Military Committee in February 1996. His tasks during this time included the operations in Bosnia, the beginning of the Partnership for Peace, the 1999 enlargement of NATO, the approval of the 1999 Strategic Concept and the Kosovo War. After retiring from NATO, he accepted Kofi Annan’s call to join the Panel on UN Peace Operations in 2000. In addition, he was part of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (2001) and the International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament (2009-2010).

General Naumann received numerous military awards and decorations, including Großes Verdienstkreuz mit Stern (Germany), Grand Officier de la Légion d'Honneur (France), Gran Cruz de la Orden del Mérito Militar con Distintivo Blanco (Spain) and Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (United Kingdom). Moreover, he was granted an honorary doctorate from the University of Budapest. He is the author of Die Bundeswehr in einer Welt im Umbruch (The Bundeswehr in a world of transition) as well as Peace: The Unaccomplished Mission.

Christoph M. Schmidt
President of the German Council of Economic Experts (Rat der Wirtschaftsweisen)

Professor Christoph M. Schmidt studied economics at the University of Mannheim and at Princeton University, where he received his PhD in 1991. He is president of the Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung and he holds a professorship at Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

Since 2009, Professor Schmidt is a member of the German Council of Economic Experts, which advises the government on economic policy. In 2013, he was elected chairman of the Council.

Professor Schmidt was a member of the Bundestag’s Enquete Commission on Growth, Welfare, and Quality of Life. He also chairs the board of trustees of the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance in Munich.

Professor Schmidt is an editor of the German Economic Review and he previously was an editor of the Journal of Population Economics. He published numerous articles in journals including The Review of Economics and Statistics and the Journal of Public Economics.

Phil Murphy
Former U.S. Ambassador to Germany

Philip D. Murphy served as U.S. Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany. He was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on August 7, 2009 and presented his credentials in Berlin to German President Horst Koehler on September 3, 2009. The Murphy family returned to the United States on July 6, 2013.

Born in 1957, Mr. Murphy is a native of the Boston, Massachusetts area. He graduated from Harvard University in 1979 with an A.B. in Economics and received an M.B.A. in 1983 from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He and his wife, Tammy, have four children, Josh, Emma, Charlie and Sam.

For over six decades, Germany has been one of the United States’ closest allies and, as such, Mr. Murphy was honored and humbled to serve there. During the Cold War, the German-American relationship was defined by a divided Berlin, Germany and Europe. Today, the U.S. works side-by-side with Germany across the range of its global interests.

Engaging Germany’s youth, none of whom were born during the Cold War, was a major focus during his tenure as ambassador, whether through town hall meetings, exchange programs or in his regular communication through a variety of social media. In his words: “The legacy of our time together in Germany will be measured by how well we ‘set the table’ for tomorrow, by how deeply today’s youth understand the ongoing relevance of the transatlantic bridge. They are tomorrow’s leaders and our investment in their future is our highest priority.”

Mr. Murphy spent 23 years at Goldman Sachs and held a variety of senior positions, including in Frankfurt, New York and Hong Kong, before becoming a Senior Director of the firm in 2003, a position he held until his retirement in 2006. After leaving Goldman Sachs, he served from 2006-2009 as the National Finance Chair of the Democratic National Committee.

Over the years, Mr. Murphy has devoted substantial time to civic, community and philanthropic affairs. He has focused his efforts on areas including civil rights, education, progressive and pragmatic public policy, urban development and a variety of issues related to his adopted home state of New Jersey.

Philip Murphy and his family absolutely loved living in Germany, representing the U.S.A. (They loved it so much that they kept a home in Berlin!) Soccer is a particular passion for the Murphy family. Mr. Murphy has served on the board of the U.S. Soccer Foundation and he was a driving force in bringing a professional women’s soccer franchise to New Jersey. All Murphys play, to a greater or lesser degree, the beautiful game.

Frank Mastiaux
CEO, EnBW

Dr. Frank Mastiaux has been active as Chief Executive Officer of Energie Baden-Württemberg AG (EnBW) since October 2012. Having completed his studies and obtained a PhD in chemistry in 1993, Mr. Mastiaux began his career at Veba Oel AG in Gelsenkirchen, where he held various management functions until 1999. From 1998 to 1999, Frank Mastiaux was employed as business development manager for CITGO Petroleum in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.

In 1999, he was appointed division head of procurement and sales at Veba Oel and, following the merger of Veba Oel and ARAL in 2000, he assumed responsibility as general manager of ARAL Mineralöl-Vertrieb GmbH. In 2001, after the takeover of Veba Oel and ARAL, he joined BP in London as general manager for marketing strategy and planning, as well as market research for the entire BP Group. From 2005 to 2007, he held the position of CEO in charge of BP's global liquefied petroleum gas business (LPG), specifically the marketing and sale of LPG across the entire value chain. In 2007, Frank Mastiaux switched to E.ON where he was entrusted with the expansion and management of the renewable energies business as CEO of E.ON Climate & Renewables. In his function as CEO of E.ON International Energy from 2010 to 2012 Frank Mastiaux was responsible for the expansion of the group in high-growth markets outside of Europe and, among other projects, initiated the founding of a JV with the EBX Group in Brazil.

Frank Mastiaux is 49 years old, married and has three children.

Miriam Meckel
Professor of Corporate Communication
University of St. Gallen, Switzerland

Miriam Meckel, PhD, is a professor of Corporate Communication at the University of St. Gallen, Switzerland, and is the Managing Director of the Institute for Media and Communication Management. She is also an adviser for Public Affairs and Business Communication. For many years, Dr. Meckel worked as a freelance journalist, TV news presenter and government spokeswoman. She formerly served as State Secretary for Europe, International Affairs and Media in the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia. In 2008, she was awarded the Eisenhower fellowship for research in the United States. Subsequently, she was a Fellow at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society, where she remains a Faculty Associate. As a member of the advisory board of ISPRAT e.V., Dr. Meckel represents her research focus on “trust and transparency on the internet”. She studied journalism, communication science, sinology, political science and law at the Universities of Münster (Germany) and Taipei (Taiwan) and holds a PhD from the University of Münster. Dr. Meckel has authored numerous bestselling books and articles.

Karl Kaiser
Adjunct Professor of Public Policy
Harvard Kennedy School of Government

Karl Kaiser is Adjunct Professor of Public Policy at the Kennedy School and Director of the Program on Transatlantic Relations of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs. He was educated at the Universities of Cologne, Grenoble and Oxford and taught at the Universities of Bonn, Johns Hopkins (Bologna), Saarbruecken, Cologne, the Hebrew University, and the Departments of Government and Social Studies of Harvard. He was a Director of the German Council on Foreign Relations, Bonn/Berlin and an advisor to Chancellors Brandt and Schmidt. He was a member of the German Council of Environmental Advisors. He serves on the Board of Foreign Policy, Internationale Politik, the Advisory Board of the American-Jewish Committee, Berlin, and the Board of the Federal Academy of Security Policy, Berlin. He is a recipient of the Atlantic Award of NATO. Professor Kaiser is the author or editor of several hundred articles and about fifty books in the fields of world affairs, German, French, British and US foreign policy, transatlantic and East-West relations, nuclear proliferation, strategic theory, and international environmental policy. He holds a Ph.D. from Cologne University and an Honorary Doctorate of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Patronage


Peter Ammon
German Ambassador to the United States
Federal Foreign Service Germany

Born in Frankfurt/Main in 1952, Ambassador Dr. Peter Ammon currently serves as the German Ambassador to the United States, a position to which he was appointed in August 2011. He previously served as State Secretary at the Foreign Office. In 2007 and 2008, he was appointed German Ambassador to Paris, France. Prior to that he served as a career diplomat in London; Dakar/Senegal; and New Delhi. From 1999 to 2001, he served at the German Embassy in Washington, D.C. as Economic Minister. From 1996 to 1999, he was Head of Policy Planning and speech writer to the German President.
Following graduate studies in mathematics, physics and economics, Dr. Ammon obtained a Doctorate in economics from Berlin’s Free University. As Director General for Economics at the German Foreign Office from 2001 to 2007, he helped prepare the G8 world economic summits for German chancellors Schröder and Merkel.
Peter Ammon is married with two children.

Panelists

Data Security Panel
Susan Crawford
Professor of Law
Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University

Professor Susan Crawford, currently a Visiting Professor at the Harvard Law School, is a professor at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law at Yeshiva University and a co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. She served as Special Assistant to the President for Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy and co-led the FCC transition team between the Bush and Obama administrations. She is a member of Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s Advisory Council on Technology and Innovation. Ms. Crawford is the author of Captive Audience: The Telecom Industry and Monopoly Power in the New Gilded Age, and a contributor to Bloomberg View and Wired. She was a member of the board of directors of ICANN from 2005-2008 and is the founder of OneWebDay, a global Earth Day for the internet that takes place each Sept. 22. She was named one of Fast Company’s Most Influential Women in Technology (2009); one of Prospect Magazine’s Top Ten Brains of the Digital Future (2011) and TIME Magazine’s Tech 40: The Most Influential Minds in Tech (2013). Ms. Crawford received her B.A. and J.D. from Yale University. .

Political-Military Security Panel
Cathryn Clüver
Executive Director, Harvard's Future of Diplomacy Project

Cathryn Clüver is the Executive Director of the Future of Diplomacy Project, which examines the challenges to negotiation and statecraft in the 21st century. She is also the Interim Executive Director of the India and South Asia Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.
She looks back on a ten-year career in international journalism and communications, during which she covered global affairs, most notably EU politics and business and the aftermath of September 11th, working as a producer and writer for CNN-International based in Atlanta and London. She served on the management team of the European Policy Centre in Brussels, where she was the Deputy Editor of its public policy journal, Challenge Europe and the think tank’s Communications Director, before joining Roland Berger Strategy Consultants as Senior Journalist and consultant in 2005. There, she worked on public policy issues (demographic change, urban competitiveness, green energy) and advised both the consultancy’s Chinese and French offices on branding and communication strategies. In 2009 she served in the second Bloomberg mayoral administration, where she implemented an online program for New York City's 1.8 million limited-English-proficiency migrants to access essential public services.
Her past research work and writing has focused on comparative immigration systems and border control in the European Union and the US. She has lectured on EU communications policy and European competitiveness and cohesion at the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the University of Nancy, France and her alma mater, Brown University. In her current role, she examines negotiation practice and the impact of technology and communication on diplomatic actors and spearheads the Project's Metro Diplomacy Initiative, looking at the international role of cities. She has commented on EU-US relations and immigration on ABC radio and on German television and radio, including on ARD and PHOENIX and writes regularly for Atlantic Monthly's Quartz.
Cathryn holds a Masters Degree in Public Administration (MPA) from the Harvard Kennedy School, where she was a Hauser Fellow in Nonprofit Management and recipient of the Donald K. Price award for academic excellence and community service. She is a graduate of the London School of Economics, where she received a Masters Degree in European Studies and of Brown University, where she completed her undergraduate degree in International Relations and French Civilization. Cathryn is an elected member of the HKS Alumni Board of Directors, where she is serving a four-year term and was named a Truman National Security Fellow in 2011. In 2012 she was appointed to the Advisory Council of Georgetown University's BMW Center for German and European Studies.

Data Security Panel
Georg Mascolo
Journalist

Georg Mascolo is a German-Italian journalist.

Mascolo started reporting for radio and print in 1988, producing features and documentaries for SPIEGEL TV, particularly covering the fall of the Berlin Wall and the subsequent reunification of Germany. His footage of the historical moment of the East German border patrol opening the checkpoint at Bornholmer Strasse was voted into UNESCO’s Memory of the World International Register in 2011.

Mascolo became political correspondent for DER SPIEGEL magazine in Washington in 2004 and one of the two bureau chiefs in Berlin in 2007. From 2008 to 2013, Mascolo served as editor-in-chief of SPIEGEL Magazine.

He is a member of Atlantik-Brücke and of the Core Group of the Munich Security Conference. In fall 2013, Mascolo was a Public Policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Institute and a Visiting Scholar at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University.

Energy Security Panel
Daniel Klingenfeld
Head of Director's Office, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Dr. Daniel Klingenfeld is heading the Director's Office at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. He is in charge of the scientific and organizational support of Professor Schellnhuber and manages the dialogue with politics, business, and society at large. Furthermore, he is coordinating the activities of PIK as a core partner of the Climate Knowledge and Innovation Community (Climate-KIC) of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT). Daniel Klingenfeld has been working at PIK since 2009, intially as a research analyst for Professor Schellnhuber at the German Advisory Council on Global Change to the Federal Government (WBGU). In addition, he completed his doctoral thesis on carbon markets over the same time frame. Dr. Klingenfeld holds further degrees from the Kennedy School at Harvard University (Master in Public Policy) and ESCP Europe (M.Sc. in Management). Following his graduation from Harvard in 2008 and before returning to Europe, Daniel Klingenfeld worked in the Climate Change and Clean Energy Group at IHS Cambridge Energy Research Associates. Building on further experience in the energy domain, such as for example with the National Commission on Energy Policy in Washington D.C., he focuses on the challenges of global energy and climate policy design.

Energy Security Panel
Henry Lee
Jassim M. Jaidah Family Director of the Environment and Natural Resources Program
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School of Government

Henry Lee, PhD, is the Jassim M. Jaidah Family Director of the Environment and Natural Resources Program within the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government, Faculty Co-Chair of the Center's Energy Technology Innovation Policy project, and a Senior Lecturer in Public Policy. Mr. Lee directed Harvard’s project on Energy Security between 1989-1995. He has served on numerous state, federal, and private boards, and advisory committees on both energy and environmental issues. For the past six years, he has been the chairman of the Massachusetts Stewardship Council, which oversees all of the state parks and recreation facilities. Additionally, he has worked with private and public organizations, including the InterAmerican Development Bank, the World Bank's International Finance Corporation, the State of Sao Paulo, the U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior, the National Research Council, the Intercontinental Energy Corporation, General Electric, and the U.S. EPA. His recent research interests focus on energy and transportation, the geopolitics of energy, oil and gas supplies, China's energy policy, and public infrastructure projects in developing countries. Mr. Lee is the author of recent papers on China's oil initiatives in the Middle East and Africa, the economic viability of electric vehicles, as well as case studies Iceland’s green energy agenda, and Liberia’s electricity sector.

Moderators

Transatlantic Keynote, Professor Norbert Lammert
Peter Kloeppel
Editor-in-Chief of RTL Television
RTL Aktuell News Anchor

Peter Kloeppel was born in 1958 in Frankfurt/Main. He studied agricultural science at the University of Göttingen and attended the Henri Nannen School for Journalism in Hamburg from 1983 to 1985. From 1985 onwards, he worked in RTL´s Bonn studio, before starting as RTL’s first correspondent in the USA from 1990-1992.

In April 1992, Kloeppel became Anchor and Managing Editor of the RTL evening news, and from 1994 on covered all federal and state elections in Germany. He gained respect for his coverage of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in 2001, and was later awarded the prestigious Grimme Preis. He also received an Emmy nomination for this very show. On November 1, 2004 he was appointed Editor-in-Chief of RTL Television.

Kloeppel also founded the RTL School for TV Journalism in 2001.

Together with the historian Gregor Schöllgen he published the book “Luftbrücken” on the transatlantic relations between the US and Germany.

Political-Military Panel
R. Nicholas Burns
The Sultan of Oman Professor of International Relations
Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Nicholas Burns is Sultan of Oman Professor of International Relations at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He is Director of the Future of Diplomacy Project and Faculty Chair for the Programs on the Middle East and on India and South Asia. Professor Burns served in the United States Government for twenty-seven years. As a career foreign service officer, he was Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 2005 to 2008; the State Departments third-ranking official when he led negotiations on the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement; a long-term military assistance agreement with Israel; and was the lead U.S. negotiator on Iran's nuclear program. He was U.S. Ambassador to NATO (2001-2005), Ambassador to Greece (1997-2001) and State Department Spokesman (1995-1997). He worked for five years (1990-1995) on the National Security Council at the White House where he was Senior Director for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia Affairs and Special Assistant to President Clinton and Director for Soviet Affairs in the Administration of President George H.W. Bush. Burns also served in the American Consulate General in Jerusalem (1985-1987) where he coordinated U.S. economic assistance to the Palestinian people in the West Bank and before that, at the American embassies in Egypt (1983-1985) and Mauritania (1980 as an intern).
Professor Burns has received twelve honorary degrees, the Secretary of State's Distinguished Service Award, the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service from the Johns Hopkins University, and the Boston College Alumni Achievement Award. He has a BA in History from Boston College (1978), an MA in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (1980), and earned the Certificat Pratique de Langue Francaise at the University of Paris-Sorbonne (1977).

Data Security Panel
Klaus Linsenmeier
Executive Director, Heinrich Böll Foundation North America

Klaus Linsenmeier has been the Executive Director of the Heinrich Böll Foundation North America since 2009.

He holds a Master of Arts in Economics (Dipl. rer. pol.) from the Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg/Breisgau and studied Enterprise Promotion at Cranfield School of Management (UK) and Business Administration (MBA) at the University of Hagen/University of Wales. He is partner in a German family-owned mid-size company.

Klaus started his professional career in the private business sector before joining Medico International in Frankfurt, a German human rights NGO, as program-coordinator and later managing director. Further steps in his career were closely related to the development of the Heinrich Böll Foundation, which he joined in 1989. Before moving to Washington, Klaus was Director of the Foundation’s International Division in Berlin, where he supervised the Foundations thirty international offices.

His fields of expertise are: Foreign and Security Policy; German and European Policy, US Politics, Development and Globalization; Environment; and Democracy Promotion. He frequently publishes on these topics, as well as edits HBF North America’s newsletter.

Economic Security Keynotes
Majid Sattar
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

Majid Sattar is a political correspondent with the „Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung“ in Berlin covering German foreign policy and the Social Democratic Party. Prior to his current posting he was a staff reporter at the FAZ-Headquarter in Frankfurt. Sattar attended undergraduate school at the Saar University in Saarbrücken and graduate school at the University of Freiburg, focusing on political science and modern history. In 2000 he received a PhD. for his thesis “Formal and Informal Politics” on Congressional Oversight of the Executive Branch in the US government.

Energy Security Panel
Andrew Fishbein
Congressional Affairs Officer, German Marshall Fund

Andrew Fishbein is the Congressional Affairs Officer at the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF), based in its Washington, DC headquarters. He manages GMF’s Capitol Hill policy programming and engages members of Congress and their staff in transatlantic affairs through parliamentary exchanges, study trips, expert briefings, and direct outreach. Mr. Fishbein works primarily on issues related to energy, climate change, and U.S.-EU relations. He received a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from Carnegie Mellon University and is currently pursuing a graduate degree in Energy Policy at Johns Hopkins University. He lives in Washington, DC.