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[Politico-Military Security] 50 years of Munich Security Conference: Germany and the Future of the Euro-Atlantic Security Community

In early February 2014, the Munich Security Conference will convene for its 50th anniversary meeting. While discussions on global security in Munich and elsewhere tend to revolve more and more around Asia, the Euro-Atlantic security architecture remains unfinished business. Facilitating dialogue between East and West has historically been a central pillar of German foreign policy. As an economic giant but reluctant European leader, Germany keeps searching for its niche in international security policy. And as a key player in the Western establishment with close relations to states outside the North Atlantic region, Berlin seems uniquely positioned to help build trust and facilitate new partnerships. The 2014 German Conference’s Political-Military Security Panel will explore scenarios for the future of the Euro-Atlantic Security Community. What are core values and security interests guiding the Euro-Atlantic partnership? Are the existing dialogue fora sufficient, or is there a need for new formats to facilitate a truly inclusive security partnership? With the U.S.-Russian “reset” losing momentum, how can Germany help mitigate growing tensions in the Euro-Atlantic Security Community?

Participants:

Ret. General Klaus Naumann
Former Chief of Staff of the Bundeswehr and Chairman of the NATO Military Committee

Ambassador Wolfgang Ischinger
Chairman of the Munich Security Conference

Reinhard Bütikofer
Member of the European Parliament
Co-chair of the European Green Party (EGP)

Cathryn Clüver
Executive Director, Harvard's Future of Diplomacy Project

Professor Nicholas Burns (Moderator)
Harvard Kennedy School
Former US Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs

[Data Security] Cyberspace as the New Wild West? Challenges and Possibilities of Internet Governance Across the Atlantic

The diverging reactions to the recent NSA scandal in the US and Europe may reflect different transatlantic perceptions on the security of private data and the protection of privacy more generally. While European governments have been faced with public protests, the debate in the US has been moderate. On either side of the Atlantic, the Internet poses substantial challenges to traditional forms of political accountability, which have been tied to the nation state and clearly defined borders. Traditional human rights are intended to protect citizens against the state. However, the Internet has complicated the exercise of public authority and possibly even shifted its locus to private actors. Multinational corporations such as Google or Facebook govern Internet traffic, seemingly harvesting millions of sensitive information without clear regulatory guidance. But is the Internet really a new Wild West? If so, how can cyber space be effectively regulated at the national and international levels in light of different security perceptions? And who should participate in shaping the future of Internet governance?

Participants:

Georg Mascolo
Former Editor-in-Chief, DER SPIEGEL

Professor Susan Crawford
Former Special Assistant for Science, Technology, and Innovation to President Obama

Yves Leterme
Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD, former Prime Minister of Belgium

Klaus Linsenmeier (Moderator)
Executive Director, Heinrich Böll Foundation North America

[Energy Security] Divergent resources, shared responsibility: The approach of the US and Europe in shaping the global energy market of the future.

In the pursuit of secure, affordable and ecologically sustainable energy sources, the US and Germany seem to be headed in different directions: While Germany is backing out of nuclear power and aiming to dramatically expand the role of renewable energies, new extraction technologies hold the promise of several decades of cheap fossil-fuel based energy for the United States. Disparity between the two approaches has significantly contributed to failure in defining standards for energy and climate policy on an international level. As emerging economies are becoming major energy consumers and facing the choice between fossil-fuel powered growth and more ecologically sustainable options, the need for global cooperation is becoming more and more pressing. This panel would like to discuss the joint opportunities for the US and Germany to define international energy and climate policies for the future. We aim to incorporate views from renewable energy advocates and energy policy makers as well as long-term strategists from the industrial sector.

Participants:

Bärbel Höhn
Member of the German Bundestag
Chair of the Committee on the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

Dr. Frank Mastiaux
CEO, EnBW

Dr. Daniel Klingenfeld
Head of Director's Office, Potsdam Institute of Climate Impact Research

Henry Lee, Ph.D.
Director of the Environment and Natural Resources Program
Harvard Kennedy School of Government

Andrew Fishbein (Moderator)
Congressional Affairs Officer, German Marshall Fund

[Economic Security] Germany's economic role and prospects in an integrated Europe

Recent events in Europe have led to a re-evaluation of the economic structure of the European Union. With the introduction of the European Banking Union and the Fiscal Compact, the Euro Area has decided to further strengthen their economic ties. At the same time, discontent amongst electorates is growing, both in core as well as in periphery countries.

What should Germany’s role be during this process and where are we heading? Should we press for free trade agreements with the US and China? And how can Europe finally address the longer-term challenges presented by an ageing population, under-investment in education and infrastructure, and ever-increasing competitive pressures in a globalized world?

Participants:

Olaf Scholz
First Mayor of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg

Professor Christoph M. Schmidt
President of the German Council of Economic Experts (Rat der Wirtschaftsweisen)

Q&A with Olaf Scholz and Dr. Christoph Schmidt
Moderated by Majid Sattar, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung